Eye surgeon Orlando specialists do more than just improve vision through LASIK procedures. They also help patients understand eye disease, including glaucoma. Glaucoma is a serious disease that primarily affects older people, and must be treated or it can lead to vision loss and blindness. Glaucoma refers to a build-up of pressure in the eye that can eventually damage the optic nerve and other parts of the eye, leading to vision loss and blindness if left untreated.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
Symptoms of glaucoma vary depending on the type. There are two types: primary open-angle glaucoma and acute angle-closure glaucoma.
Symptoms of primary open-angle glaucoma include a gradual loss of peripheral vision, usually in both eyes. In more advanced cases, a patient may develop tunnel vision.
By contrast, symptoms of acute angle-closure glaucoma include severe eye pain that may be accompanied by nausea and even vomiting. Other symptoms can be blurred vision, lights with extra halo glows, red eyes, and sudden unexpected loss of vision in low-light settings.
Treatment Options for Glaucoma
Treatment options for glaucoma range depending on the severity of the condition and are usually aimed at lowering pressure in the eye, preventing it from forming, or a combination of the two.
Eye drops are usually the first medication used for glaucoma treatment. It is important to use drops according to your doctor’s orders to prevent undesirable side effects. Some eye drops may have side effects, but these often abate over time and can be minimized by using on a full stomach.
Causes of Glaucoma
There are no known causes of glaucoma, although some people may be at a higher risk than others. Previously existing conditions such as tumors, diabetes, or advanced cataracts may increase the risk of glaucoma. Other risks include older age, certain ethnic backgrounds, other diseases, eye injuries/damage/surgery, and being nearsighted.
Surgery is called for in cases where other treatment options don’t work. In some cases, better results may be found with eye surgery or with a combination of treatment protocols. Early intervention is key as there are no preventive measures.
In 1996, the Eye Surgeon in Orlando experts at Magruder, opened their practice and introduced locals to Central Florida’s first refractive surgery center. Since then, they have continued to innovate by introducing game-changing technology and pursuing ongoing education to master the latest techniques. To learn more about what we can do for you, call us at (407) 843-5665 or read our blog for more information!